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Eggs and food hygiene are two topics that don’t always go hand in hand. Eggs are the produce of the rear end of chickens, to put it bluntly. What is more is that after collection they may not be cleaned, by law! However, this does happens. Some egg farms separate dirty eggs together egg-1240747_1920and instead of being destroyed the farmer will place a worker to wash them with some kind of brush and water. This happens especially in countries where hygiene inspection is not all it should be. Also, in chicken runs that have older chickens in them the rate of egg laying drops. This means that eggs may not usually collected for several days. On top of that, the lack of human presents allows rats to roam freely and eat eggs. Their trail of Urine will be on the eggs that remain intact.

Chicken farms keep hens in very crowded conditions. All their bodily functions occur in that same space. Typically six hens are kept in a small cage of about 60 to 70 centimeters in length. The Hen has a water channel in front of the cage which is communal to all the cages in the row and similarly a feed channel. Underneath the cage runs a belt which is rotated periodically to a place into which the feces drops into a worm operated channel that takes the feces out of the building. However, this is the good scenario. In many countries the feces simply collects on the floor and is not collected until the chickens are changed.Other battery visitors may include snakes, otters, weasels, martins, pole cats, mongoose, pigeons and more.

Because of all of these factors the hens production life is of great importance to the farmers and it is for this reason that they often give hens large quantities of antibiotics that find their way into the eggs and effect humans by killing many essential species of bacteria that need to be in the human digestive system. This can directly effect your health and that of the very young and the elderly particularly.

Some eggs are sterilized by radiation. This, however is no guarantee that antibiotics will be destroyed. Personally, I do my very best not to eat eggs as do many veterinarians, doctors and food hygiene experts.

Eggs should be stored in a closed container when in the fridge. and I do mean air sealed. Also, the storage container should be washed and soaked in sterilizing fluid before filling it with a new batch of eggs. Do not put uncooked eggs in food preparation surfaces, put them in a side trolley or in a dish in the sink. Throw eggs shells away immediately after you open the eggs and then wash your hands. Eggs should be opened individually into a small bowl and examined for freshness before adding to the bowl with the opened eggs in it. After all direct contact with eggs wash hands and dishes immediately in hot water and detergent before continuing with the dish being prepared. Never serve raw eggs in any way. Never serve soft boiled eggs or eggs with a liquid yolk. The risks are just too great. Also,never buy eggs that have been kept in warm conditions, (not refrigerated). With eggs the rule of thumb is to always err on the side of caution.

appetite-1238252_1920In 2011 I began to have trouble with an infected heart valve. I was becoming breathless quickly and had to take long rests to get my breath back. It was obvious that my left ventricle had a thickened wall and also blood was flowing back into the ventricle instead of getting pumped out through my body.

In 2012 things got worse, I had lost consciousness a couple of times and whenever I lay down I felt dizziness for over a quarter of an hour. It was decided that I was to have an aortic valve replacement with open heart surgery.

After the operation I felt quite well. I soon was walking much more than I had before without getting breathless. Then, about two weeks after the operation an infection set into the area around my sternum. I had contracted a bacteria called Pseudomonas a. At first the wound was just oozing but after a few days my temperature went up and I had to go back into hospital.

It took three bouts of two antibiotics to bring things under control. The bacteria had been beaten but Candida had set in and for me this was far worse than the bacterial infection. I felt really lousy. It took over a month to get rid of it, or at least to contain it to a level that was manageable. these things are very difficult to completely get rid of.

All was well for a while, a short while. It was after a couple of months that I started getting hand shaking, muscle pain, joint pain, IBS symptoms, depression,anxiety and twitching legs. My GP told me that she was sure I had Fibromyalgiatop-view-1248950_1920 and sent me to a reumatologist for diagnosis. He confirmed the worst, I indeed did have Fibromyalgia. At first there was not much to do except to rest, exercise in a heated pool, have gentle massages and whatever else I discovered helped, such as classical music.

It was then that an old and loyal friend phoned me and told me about Juice Plus and it’s nutritional properties. To tell you the truth, I decided to take it more to keep the replacement heart valve in shape than for the fibromyalgia. Anyway, I started to take Juice Plus capsules. In a reasonably short time I started to feel improvements in little niggly things like split skin on my hands, a better complexion, fewer hunger pangs. Sometime after that I realized that I had more energy and I was more motivated. I could exercise almost three time more than I had done before taking the capsules and my concentration was improving. I could do some work again and I was sleeping less and napping less. With Fibromyalgia these things are major achievements. I will confide in you that before taking the Juice Plus capsules I was considering travelling to Switzerland for euthanasia. I don’t think I would have done it because of my love for my children, however, the thoughts and desire were there and because of this I was a candidate for a period of treatment in the psychiatric ward.

Thankfully Juice Plus got me out of that situation and after a period of nearly six years away from the blog I am working on it again. Even my doctors couldn’t believe the difference Juice Plus had had upon me. The Author.

citrus-1150025_1920Unlike most other nutritional supplements, Juice Plus supplements are made out of thirty different fruits and vegetables. Juice Plus is produced by farmers that work specifically and only for the Juice Plus company using the most up to date organic methods. The produce is always processed straight away, while the fruit is at it’s freshest and most beneficial.

Juice plus separates the juice of the fruit and vegetables and processes it further to remove all but the components that Juice Plus wants to put into their capsules. The Majority of those components are phytonutrients and other plant compounds such as antioxidants that are the most beneficial to the body.

Every part of the process and packaging is performed under the stringent quality control of Juice Plus in their own plants. Even the capsule shell is produced by the company. The capsule is made from the cellulose of the Guar plant combined with sea weed.

Juice Plus has been tested by multiple research and quality control bodies who have all found that Juice Plus has definite benefits that translate into correct body function. It is a unique product based upon thirty species of fruit and vegetables or in other words, food! Juice Pule’s aim is to provide you with the nutritional level that your body functions need.

Juice Plus fruit and Vegetable capsules also have a cleaning or detoxing effect on your body. The difference between other detox methods and the Juice Plus system is that Juice Plus provides nutrient to the cell at the same time as it is detoxing of the cell. This function is proving to have tremendous advantages for people who need detox most such as athletes and those recovering from disease. For athletes this function translates into recovery time which is crucial both during exertion and in the interim period between events. the danger of over training and peaking too soon is thus lessened substantially.

Juice Plus has been chosen by Some Olympic teams as the only nutritional supplement they use. This is no mean achievement for any company. I strongly recommend Juice Plus to all age groups to prevent present and later wear and tear on the body and to prevent the likelihood of future health complications that come from free radical damage.

 

 

meat-415586_1920The following article deals with pork tapeworm infection which is a food hygiene problem throughout the third world in particular.

Unfortunately and tragically one of my very best friends died as a consequence of cysticercosis trough eating pork that was not throughly cooked in the town of Cusco in the Peruvian Andes mountains. In addition I have worked with another young peruviian man who had cysticercosis but luckily for him I was at his side to call for an ambulance. In Israel it is very rare to see this condition and so it took the medical team several hours to figure out what was going on with him.

Cysticercosis is an intestinal infection by the adult tapeworm or cestode. Infection with the tapeworm lavae causes cysticercosis in humans.

The adult tapeworm may measure up to 2.5 to 3 meters in length and is armed with a head section, or scolex, from which protrude several hooklets and a body which is made up of up to 1000 a thousand proglottids, or egg sacks. Hogs and pigs are the specific host of this paracite and humans are normally an intermediary host.

The embrios which are periodically released from the proglottids burst under the pressure greated by the embrio mass within where they penetrate the intestinal wall and are carried via the blood to subcutaneous tissues, muscles, viscera and the central nervous system (including the brain).

Infection with the adult worm is normally asymptomic. However the laval infection within the tissues of the body can cause pain, weakness, fever and if the CNS is involved symptoms of meningoencephalitis or epilepsy may appear.

The presence of tapeworms is often diagnoses by finding the presence of lavae in stools or around the rectal area. This may involve itching and lack of ability to sit still on the part of children. Cystericosis is normally suspected in areas where pork is raised in poor conditions. This condition can be treated but in patients where symptoms resemble epilepsy, death due to receiving blows on the head or falling into water are quite common.

This condition is preventable by raising pigs in hygienic conditions and by feeding them sufficient quantities of non infected foods. Also, in the event that there is no other meat to eat except pork then the meat should be throughly cooked by bioling until the meat becomes competely tender. This will have the effect of killing all lava.

 

 

Mbeef-1239184_1920ad cow disease is a classic example of how failure to adhere to the first of the eight principles of food hygiene can cause both dire risk to those who come into contact with meat infected with mad cow disease and cause terrible suffering for cattle. The need to make sure that animals are reared properly includes how and with what they are fed. The exact meaning of this statement will become clear as you read this article. The diligence needed at each and every stage of food production and food preparation is absolutely vital in order to maintain the full integrity of food safety. Below you will find an explanation of mad cow disease that will give you insight and understanding of this terrible disease.

Mad cow disease or Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE for short) is a neurodegenerative disorder of the central nervous system of cattle of all breeds. It is believed (although not 100% proven) that this disease is caused due to the feeding of animal tissue (usually from cattle by also from sheep or pigs) to cattle.

It is common practice nowadays to feed cattle proteins from animal sources. This may be bone meal, blood meal, brain tissue meal or even feather meal. The reason why cattle are fed animal protein is because the protein levels that are present in most plants are relatively low and some strains of bacteria in the cows rumen break them down into undesirable fatty acids such as butyric acid which are less than ideal for the production of milk and flesh mass on beef cattle. (Acetic acid is best for milk production and propionic acid produces the best muscle mass).

The thing that farmers and industrialists alike are constantly looking for is protein types that the bacteria resident with the rumen will not recognise and therefore will pass through the rumen unaffected by the bacteria and pass into the true stomach where they will passed into the bloodstream through the cows intestine. For this technique to be successful, the farmer must alternate the type of protein given to the cow in its feed so that the bacteria of the rumen will not grow to recognize it and hence metabolise it.

Animal proteins contain prions which are proteins that can change the structure of other proteins that they come into contact with. Factories that make animal protein feed (Often in the far east) are renowned for not adhering to procedure and this can cause fluctuations to happen both in the processing time and temperature levels. You see, if the proteins are properly cooked, they will not cause any damage because when cooked, proteins change their structure.

The effect of eating improperly processed protein feed can cause the prions within the protein of the feed to change the structure of the proteins of the cattles brain and spinal cord. This causes the tissue to become spongy meaning thet there are empty spaces within the tissue where there should have been nervous tissue. This wasting and structural change of the cows brain tissue cause the signals that come from the brain to malfunction causing the cow to appear to have fits and seizures. This condition can take up to five years to develop in the cow.

Although few cases were reported above the norm, in technical terms, this condition can be passed on to humans especially where meat is only lightly cooked (or red in the middle). This disease cost farmers billions of dollars worth of damage , especially in the UK where some six million cattle either died because of the disease or were slaughtered in an attempt to eradicate it.

It is believed that some bad feed is still being exported from the far east, (especially from India).

434For more than a decade, doctors have known that some compound in grapefruit juice interacts with a small number of drugs to triple the amount of that drug absorbed into the bloodstream. While the compound has remained a mystery, doctors simply tell their patients to avoid grapefruit juice while on the medication.

In a study published in the May issue of the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, however, Paul Watkins, MD, and his colleagues, finally tracked down furanocoumarins as the active ingredient in grapefruit juice causing this unusual reaction. Watkins, the Dr. Verne S. Caviness distinguished professor of medicine at the University of North Carolina, explained that furanocoumarins block an enzyme called CYP3A4 in the wall of the intestine.

“This enzyme normally chews up certain drugs when they are absorbed,” he says. “When you inhibit the enzyme, however, it doesn’t chew up the drug, which means that more of the drug gets absorbed into the bloodstream.

“Research shows it can boost levels of the drug three times. That’s like taking three pills instead of one. This is an average. Some people would not be boosted as much. Others, however, would be boosted more.”

As startling as this sounds, Watkins points out that of the hundreds of different medications that people are treated with, there are only about 10 with any kind of warning about grapefruit juice in the labeling.

“Fortunately, these drugs are safe enough that boosting absorption for most people will be of no consequence. It appears, however, that a rare patient may have adverse symptoms — for example, muscle tenderness with certain cholesterol medications.

“To my knowledge there have been no confirmed reports of deaths occurring as a result of patients taking their medications with grapefruit juice.”

Classes of drugs that interact with grapefruit juice.
Watkins, who is also director of UNC’s General Clinical Research Center and who led the research team, says that grapefruit juice interacts with four major classes of drugs. One class includes some of the medications used to control anxiety.

Another class comprises a minority of drugs used to lower blood pressure, called calcium channel blockers.

Yet another class are those cholesterol-lowering drugs called statins — particularly Nevacor, Zocor and, to a lesser extent, Lipitor.

Finally, grapefruit juice interacts with immunosuppressants — predominantly Cyclosporine A — which is used mainly to prevent transplanted organs from being rejected.

“Grapefruit juice clearly boosts the absorption of these drugs,” says Watkins, again commenting on the general safety of the drug, so the boosting effect for most individuals is not an issue. The only exception to this blanket cloak of safety might be for individuals taking Cyclosporine A, he adds. “Kidney transplant patients, for example, will be taking this drug.”

Identifying furanocoumarins
It was originally assumed that the ingredients responsible for drug interactions were the flavonoids that give grapefruit juice its bitter taste, Watkins says.

“What we did with our study with the Florida Department of Citrus, however, was to remove the furanocoumarins, leaving in the major flavonoids to see if that got rid of the problem — and it did.

“This is the best evidence, to date, that the active ingredient causing drug interactions is not flavonoids, but these compounds called furanocoumarins that appear to be tasteless and are present in very low amounts in grapefruit juice.”

The story doesn’t end here, because each discovery opens doors to other possibilities, one being that it is now technically possible to market furanocoumarin-free grapefruit juice to patients who would otherwise have to avoid grapefruit.

Much more important, it may be possible to add furanocoumarins to the formulations of certain drugs that tend to be poorly or erratically absorbed to improve their oral delivery.

Watkins explained that if you are a drug company and you develop a drug and only 10 percent of it gets into the body, then you do not have a very good drug, so you usually stop developing it.

“The market for adding furanocoumarins to these pills would be primarily for drugs that had been abandoned in development, or given only by intramuscular injection or intravenously, or promising drugs that might be developed in the future.

“Since furanocoumarins are in grapefruit, it seems reasonable to assume that they are safe, so this should be a safe way to improve oral delivery of drugs.”

Safety: The bottom line
“I personally feel that if you have been taking medicine with grapefruit juice every morning, and the drug is working fine, and your physician is happy, then there is no reason to change.”

According to Watkins, there are many people who enjoy grapefruit juice. And there are others whose economic well being depends upon making it. With the hurricanes the south has experienced over the past couple of years, in particular, the citrus industry is really in tough shape.

“The reality is that a rare patient would get into trouble because of the interaction between a drug and grapefruit juice. This is not a public health issue.”

biology-41519_1280Probiotics are live bacteria that are beneficial to our health, when eaten in an adequate amount. It is important for our large intestine to maintain a healthy count of these “good” bacteria, as it helps to prevent bad bacteria from growing in the bowel or entering the body through the wall of the intestines to cause infection.
Probiotics are found naturally in foods mainly diary foods, for example probiotics are found in yogurt, fermented and unfermented milk, some juices and also some soy beverages. They can also be taken in the form of a dietary supplement (for example, capsules, tablets and powders) and in some other forms as well, the bacteria in these supplements may have been present originally or it is possible they were added during preparation.

There are numerous health claims associated with the intake of daily doses of probiotics, some of these are:

* Enhanced immune system
* Aids in preventing and treating colon inflammation
* Increased ability to digest food
* Therapeutic for viral respiratory tract infections by enhancing the overall immune system
* Reduces lactose intolerance
* Reduces incidence of yeast infection
* Increases ability to assimilate the nutrients from food
* Alleviates many common digestive disorders such as constipation, diarrhoea and IBS

Digestive health can affect other areas of our health – weight, energy and immunity – in ways we
might never have imagined. It`s important to understand the link between digestive health and overall wellness.

Here are some useful tips to help you maintain a healthy digestive system

• Eat more fruits, vegetables and whole grain products
• Drink lots of water – Water plays a key role in our digestion. It helps break down the food in our stomach, aids in dissolving nutrients and prevents constipation.
• Eat less fatty foods – The more unsaturated fat or transfat you consume, the more your digestive system is strained.
• Avoid processed foods – These types of food have little nutrition in them and often contain large amounts of saturated fats and preservatives that hinder proper digestion.
• Eat slowly and moderately – It`s common sense. Eating in a rush and consuming large portions in one sitting will definitely put a lot of stress on your digestive system.
• Quit smoking – It certainly can harm the digestive system, contributing to diseases such as heartburn, peptic ulcers, gallstones, liver damage and colon cancer.
• Drink less alcohol – Excessive alcohol intake can lead to cirrhosis of the liver. Furthermore, it can inflame the lining of your stomach and cause symptoms of heartburn.
• Exercise regularly – Cardiovascular exercise helps strengthen the abdomen muscles. Also it stimulates the intestinal muscles to push digestive contents through your system and there`s no reason for you to feel sluggish and lethargic.
• Reduce stress in your personal life – Stress has a negative effect on the nerves of the digestive system, which in turn affects the process of digestion.

To help improve your health and digestive system try Volcom UK and you`ll never look back.

Wishing you good health!

women-730212_1920This subject only relates to Food safety in a very round about way but because a reader sought information on the subject I have decided to give it some attention.

For most people, food entering the nasal cavity when eating is not a major problem. Few in fact experience the phenomena of food entering the nasal cavity to any serious degree in the sense that the food forms an obstruction of airflow through the nose or the nose and mouth. It is far more common for people to eject liquids through their nasal cavity. This can happen for a number of reasons. Firstly, it often happens when our mental concentration levels are lowered, such as when we laugh, sneeze of cough. Secondly, it can happen when we are surprized suddenly such as may happen if we are slapped on the back. Thirdly, it can happen if our mouths are too full and have problem breathing or swallowing. In this case breath or the action of contraction at the back of the mouth may force liquids, or solids into the nasal cavity. It may also happen to infants if they begin to cry while drinking. Another scenario in which food may be inadvertantly forced into the nasal cavity can happen in cases in which solid food or fluid is accidentally inhaled into the trachea (wind pipe) and in the process of attempting to expell it back into the bucal cavity, it is often forced into the caverns of the nasal passages due to the fact that they are situated directly above the trachea. This phenomenon can greatly incease the intense discomfor of the blockage of the wind pipe and can cause further temporary problems associated in the resumption of the normal breathing rythm. In a minority of cases the outcome may be more serious and require some intervention.

The sensation experienced in such instances may vary from mildly uncomfortable to quite uncomfortable. Rarely do these cases present a serious risk.

The cases in which food may enter the nasal cavity include the following: improperly chewed food. Food must be masticated thoroughly in the mouth so that it forms a semi adhehsive pellet valled a “Bolus” which is then swallowed whole and easily when it is forced by the tongue and soft pallet to the back of the throat. Food that cannot be properly chewed, as in cases whereby individuals has lost all their teeth, may find some pieces of food difficult to swallow. Food that gets stuck at the back of the throat may be accidentally forced into the rear nasal cavity.

Other cases in which food is forced into the nasal cavity may include cases in which individuals have a deformity of the pallet, tongue or a medical condition in which hardening or the inability of the pallet and tongue to contract properly, may cause food to be misdirected into the nasal cavity.

If the airway through the mouth is not blocked, nasal blockages do not present an immediate life threatening risk. However, they can be very uncomfortable. Some medical attention may be required to remove nasal blockages, although, most cases resolves themselves quite well.

Small particals of food do get sucked into the nasal cavity of many people. If the body is not able to remove them they will get infected by, staphilcoccus, streptococcus and other bacteria in the cavity of the nose. Usually, the individual in question and possibly others around him or her may experience an unpleasant smell from the bucal cavity until the offending food particle is dislodged. In other instances, although quite rare, toxins discharged from the bacteria may cause a septic sore to develop within the nasal cavity. Potentially, this may cause discomfort aand in extreme cases may even cause blood poisoning as with any other septic sore anywhere in the body.

When an offensive odor is noticed from the nasal or bocal cavity, medical advice should be sought just as a preventative measure.

Swine flu is certainly something which has drawn attention of both the Authorities and the general public in many parts of the world. Swine Flu vacinations have been initiated and we hope, will prove to be effective without undue side effects. Time will tell.

Over the months that swine flu has been around, scientists have noticed that, seemingly, it does not pass from person to person in the way that most others flu viruses do. Other flu wiruses can use water supplies as vectors to enter a host. Swine flu must enter the body through the mouth throat or nasal cavities via direct contact.

Here are some simple steps that you can adopt to help reduce your exposure to the swine flu virus.

Wash hands frequently with hot water and soap or alternatively with an alcho gel based product or wipe.

Gargle two to three times daily with salt water or listerine. This will kill most of the flu viruses in your bucal cavity. Drinking frequent hot drinks will also help reduce the numbers of viruses in your mouth.

Wash your nose out with a salt water nasal spray several times a day or wipe the inside of your nose with a cotton bud (Q Tip) soaked in salt water at least twice a day.

Avoid coming into contact with door handles, faucets (taps), basisters and such points of contact which may have been touched by the general public. Where possible open doors with your arm or shoulder.

Weating a surgical mask in crowded places such as busses, trains and stations may also reduce your risk of exposure.

Swine flu is an area where conciousness about good public hygiene can make a great difference.

If you are sick, stay inside your house, do not go outside until given the OK by your doctor or public health or practice nurse. This will help reduce the risk of contaminating others and reduce the risk of complications for yourself.

Avoiding eating food that may have been prepared by people who have come into contact with the general public and who may have swine flu viruses on their hands may also reduce your risk of contamination considerably. Such food outlets may include hot dog tands, hamburger businesses, kebab restaurants Etc. I would advise eating only sizzling hot food on pre-heated plates if you must eat out. Likewise, I would strongly advise against drinking straight out of bottles and cans.

© 2019 Food Hygiene Essentials